Commodity Code - 8
Commodity Name - Urd Whole (Black Gram, Urd Beans)
Commodity Scientific Name - Phaseolus mungo Linn


PRATAP URD-1, MASH-479, TBG-104, CO-8, VBN-6, BLACK GOLD ( AKU-10-1), LBG-787, LBG-752, IPU-02-43, T-9, TAU-1, AZAD-3, PU-31, PU-40, GUJ-1, ADT-1, ADT-2, ADT-3, ADT-4, ADT-5, AKU-15, AMOO-46-5(A-46-5)(G-55), APK-1, APK-1 (COBG-304), AZAD URD -3 (KV-96-3), AZAD URD-1 (KU 91-2), B.R.68, BARKHA (RBU-38), BASANT BAHAR (PDU-1), BIRSA URID-1, BLACKGRAM - MDU 1, CO.1 , CO-2, CO-3, CO-4, CO-5, CO-6 (COBG 653), D-6-7, DBGV-5, G-75, GAU MOTH-1, GOUTAM (WBU-105), GUJARAT URD-1, GWALIOR-2, HIM MASH-1, HPU-6, INDIRA URD-1, IPM-2-14, IPU 02-43, IPU-94-1, JAWAHAR URID-2, JAWAHAR URID-3, KU-91 (AZAD URD-2), KULU MASH NO.4, LBG 17, LBG-20, LBG-611, MBG-207, MELGHAT (AKU-4), NARENDRA URD-1 (NDU-88-8), PANT U-19, PANT U-30, PANT U-35, PRAGATI (UH 80-7), PRASAD, PU 94-1, PU-672, SHEKHAR-1 (KU-301), SHEKHAR-2 (KU-300), SHEKHAR-3(KU-309, T-27, T-65, T-77, TAU-2, TEJA (LBG-20), TMV-1, TPU-4, TU-94-1, UJALA (OBG-17), UTTARA, VALLABH URD – 1, VAMBAN-1, VAMBAN-2, VAMBAN-3, VBN 6, VIJAY, WBU-108

Grades Moisture Foreign Matter Other Edible Grains Damaged Grains Weevilled Grains
    organic inorganic      
Special 10 0.1 nil 0.1 0.5 2
Standard 12 0.5 0.1 0.5 2 4
General 14 0.75 0.25 3 5 6

General Characteristics:-

  1. Be the dried mature seeds of Pulse (Phaseolus mungo Linn.);

  2. Be sweet, clean, wholesome, uniform in size, shape, colour and in sound merchantable conditions;

  3. Be free from living and dead insects, fungus infestation, added colouring matter, moulds, obnoxious smell, discolouration;

  4. Be free from rodent hair and excreta;

  5. Be free from toxic or noxious seeds viz. Crotolaria (Crotolaria spp.), Corn cockle (Agrostemma githago L.),Castor bean (Ricinus communis L.), Jimson weed (Dhatura spp.), Argemone mexicana, Khesari and other seeds that are commonly recognized as harmful to health;

  6. Uric acid and Aflatoxin shall not exceed 100 milligrams and 30 micrograms per kilogram respectively;

  7. Comply with the restrictions in regard to poisonous metals (rule-57), crop contaminants (rule 57-A), naturally occurring toxic substances (rule 57-B), use of insecticides (rule-65) and other provisions prescribed under the Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules, 1955, as amended from time to time.

Urad shall be-

  1. Clean, wholesome, reasonably uniform in size, shape and colour characteristic to the variety .
  2. Free from obnoxious smell and fungus infestation.

Criteria for Range designation

S.no. Tradable parameters Range-1 Range-2 Range-3
A Essential
i Moisture(% by wt) Max 10.0 12.0 14.0
ii Foreign matter(% by wt) Max 1.0 1.5 2.0
iii Other edible grains(% by wt) Max 1.0 2.0 3.0
iv Damaged/ immature & Shriveled grains(% by wt) Max 2.5 3.5 5.0
v Weevilled Grains(% by count) Max 3.0 5.0 10.0
vi Admixture (% by wt) Max 1.0 2.0 3.0
vii Immature & Shriveled (% by wt) Max 1.0 2.0 3.0
B Optional (Industrial/Processors)
i Uric Acid Not more than 100mg/kg
ii Aflatoxin Not more than 30 microgram/kg
iii Total of foreign matter, other edible grains and damaged grains Not more than 10 percent by weight


  • 5 % or minimum one container shall be randomly selected for sampling.

  • 250g shall be drawn from each selected container and shall be mixed homogenously, called as primary sample.

  • 250g shall be drawn from primary sample called as Laboratory sample.


Optional parameters are voluntary and may be analyzed as per buyer-seller agreement.

  • Foreign matter includes husk, straws, weed seeds, other inedible grains, metallic pieces, sand, gravel, dirt, pebbles, stones, lumps of earth, clay, mud and animal filth etc.

  • Other Edible Grains means any edible grains (including oil seeds) other than the one which is under consideration.

  • Damaged Grains means grains that are sprouted or internally damaged as a result of heat, microbe, moisture or weather and mechanical injury

  • Weevilled grains means grains that are partially or wholly bored by insects injurious to grains but does not include germ eaten grains and egg spotted grains.

  • Immature & Shrivelled Grains means kernels or pieces of kernels that are not fully developed

  • Admixture means the presence of a variety of the same grain other than the variety in consideration.

Shelf Life - 12 Months

Initial Validity of e NWR - 6 Months

Extension of e NWR Validity - 3 Months

Number of Extensions - 2x 3Months

Weight Tolerance - Loss or gain equivalent to 70% of the decrease or increase in the moisture content during storage