Carrot

Commodity Code - 153
Commodity Name - Carrot
Commodity Scientific Name - Dacus carota L
wheat

 

Angel, Carrot, Chike, Desi Red, Diana, Early Nantes, Euri CRT-1, Goldenrossy, GS-176, improved, improved kuroda, Keshav, Kuroda Super Selection, Maruti, New Kuroda, No. 404 (Improved), Prima, Rasi, Rubyred-14, sambha, samson, Selection-70, Sigma, Sindhiuri (DR), Super Kuroda, Super New Koroda, Super New Kuroda, Super Rani, Sweet heart, Tastey, Ultra Plus, Welcome 9, HM, Pusa Kesar, NANTESE, PUSA YAMDAGNI, Ooty-1, SHALIMAR CARROT-1 (SKAU-C-50), PC-34, PUSA RADHIRA, Pusa Meghali, Selection 223, No. 29, Nantes Half Long,Chantenay, Imperator, Zeno,

Carrots shall be obtained from varieties (cultivars) of Daucus carota L.

Minimum Requirements

  1. Carrots shall be

    1. intact, firm, sound and clean

    2. fresh in appearance

    3. free from any visible foreign matter

    4. free of pests affecting the general appearance of the produce

    5. free of damage caused by pests

    6. free from damage caused by low and/or high temperature

    7. free of abnormal external moisture

    8. free of any foreign smell and/or taste

    9. free from fissures

    10. free from root splitting and forking

    11. free from cavity spot, sponginess, pithiness and hollow heart

    12. free from secondary roots

    13. free from Nematode galls.

  2. Carrots shall not be woody, running to seed and forked

  3. Carrots shall be properly washed and well dried

  4. Carrots shall comply with the residue levels of heavy metals, pesticides and other food safety parameters as laid down by the Codex Alimentarius Commission for exports.

Criteria for grade resignation

Grade designations Grade requirements Grade tolerances
1 2 3
Extra class Carrots must be of superior quality. They must be well developed and have all the characteristic and colouring typical of the variety. They must be free of defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects provided they do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality,the keeping quality and presentation in the package; The roots must be:- regular in shape. Green or violet/purple tops are not allowed. 5% by weight of Carrots not satisfying the requirements of the grade,but meeting those of Class I grade or, exceptionally, coming within the tolerances of that grade.5 % by weight of carrots having a slight trace of green or violet/purple colouring at the top.
Class I Carrots must be of good quality. They must be well developed and have all the characteristic and colour typical of the variety. The following slight defects may be there, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:-
  • slight defects in shape

  • slight defects in colouring

  • slight healed cracks

  • slight cracks or fissures due to handling or washing.

Green or violet/purple tops upto 1 cm. long for carrots not exceeding 10 cm. in length, and upto 2 cm. for other carrots are allowed.
10% by weight of Carrots not satisfying the requirements of the grade, but meeting those of Class II or, exceptionally, coming within the tolerances of that grade. However, broken carrots/or carrots which have lost their tips are excluded from that tolerance,10% by weight of broken carrots and/or roots which have lost their tips.
Class II This grade includes Carrots which do not qualify for inclusion in the higher grades, but satisfy the minimum requirements.Carrots may have the following defects, provided they retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.
  • defects in shape and colour

  • healed cracks not reaching the heart

  • cracks or fissures due to handling or washing

Green or violet/purple tops upto 2 cm. long for carrots not exceeding 10 cm. in length and upto 3 cm. for other carrots, are allowed.
10% by weight of Carrots not meeting the requirements of the grade, but meeting the minimum requirements. In addition, not more than 25% by weight of broken carrots may be allowed.

Other Requirements

  1. The carrots must have been carefully picked and have reached an appropriate degree of development in accordance with criteria proper to the variety and to the area in which they are grown.

    The development and condition of the carrot must be such as to enable them;

    • to withstand transport and handling, and

    • to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

  2. Carrots may be presented in one of the following ways:

    1. Bunched carrots:The roots must be presented with their foliage, which must be fresh, green and sound. Roots in the same bunch should be uniform in size. The bunches in package should be practically uniform in weight and arranged evenly in one or more layers.

    2. Topped carrots:The foliage must be evened off or neatly cut off at the top of the carrot without damaging the root. The root must be.-

      • put up in small packages,
      • arranged in several layers or jumble packed.
      • despatched in bulk (direct loading into a transport vehicle or vehicle compartment) for class II.
  3. The material used inside the package must be new, clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce.

  4. In case where washed carrots are covered with pure peat, the peat used shall not be considered as foreign matter.

Provisions Concerning Sizing

  1. Size is determined by the maximum diameter or the weight of the carrot without foliage.

    1. for early carrots/bunched carrots/small root varieties

      Code Diameter(in mm.) Weight(in gms.)
      A 10-20 8-20
      B 21-30 21-80
      C 31-40 81-100
      D 41-45 101-110
    2. For topped or Large root varieties

      Code Diameter(in mm.) Weight(in gms.)
      A 21-30 45-80
      B 31-45 81-150
      C 46 and above 151 and above

     

    Size code “C” roots for topped or large root varieties shall not be classified under “Extra class”.
  2. Size tolerances :For all classes: 10 % by weight of roots not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing.

Carrots shall be

  1. fresh, firm of color characteristics to the variety

  2. free from black rot, visible foreign matter, abnormal external moisture, foreign smell

S.no. Tradable parameters Range-1 Range-2 Range-3
A Essential
i Size (mm) 150 to 200 Above 200 to 275 Below 150 & above 275
ii Defects % by count (Max):-(i) Bruising/Scars/ Scratches(1-10 sq cm of total surface area) 5% 10% 15%
(ii)discoloration(1-4 sq cm of total surface area) 5% 10% 15%
(iii) Cracks/Fissures 3% 5% 7%
ii Range Acceptance 95% 90% 85%
B Optional (Industrial/Processors)
i Color (%)(Characteristic true to the variety) Scale (1 to 100*) /Visual(*100% is true to variety colour) More than 70 Between 40-70 Less than 40

Sampling

  • 5 % or minimum one container shall be randomly selected for sampling

  • 10 Nos shall be drawn from each selected container and shall be mixed homogenously , called as primary sample

  • 15 nos. shall be drawn from primary sample called as Laboratory sample

Optional parameters are voluntary and may be analyzed as per buyer-seller agreement.

Total Shelf Life - 2 Months

Initial Validity of e NWR - 1 Months

Extension of e NWR Validity - 0.5 Months

Number of Extensions - 2*0.5 Months

Weight Tolerance - Loss or gain equivalent to 70% of the decrease or increase in the moisture content during storage