Sal Seeds

Commodity Code - 964
Commodity Name - Sal Seeds
Commodity Scientific Name - Shorea robusta
wheat

 

Grade designation and definitions of the quality of Sal Seed (Shorea Robusta)

Grade designation Foreign matter percent by weight (maximum) Immature and Shrivelled seed, per cent by weight (maximum) Damaged and weeviled seed, percent by weight (maximum) Split and broken seed per cent by weight (maximum) Moisture percent weight (maximum)
1 2 3 4 5 6
I 1.0 1.0 0.5 10.0 10.0
II 3.0 2.0 1.0 15.0 10.0
III 4.0 4.0 2.0 25.0 10.0

Sal Seed shall:

  1. Be the dried ripe seed of Shorea robsta Gaertn, family Dipterocarpaceae.

  2. Be wholesome, free from moulds, weevils, obnoxious smell, deleterious substance and all other impurities except to the extent indicated in the schedule.

  3. Have uniform size, shape and colour

Definitions

  1. Foreign matter: Shall include dust, stones, lumps of earth, leaves any other edible or non-edible seed.

  2. Immature and Shrivelled seed: Shall be the seeds which are not properly developed and / or shrunken.

  3. Damaged and Weevilled: Shall be the seeds which are damaged mechanically or by mould those showing internal discolouration of seeds materially affecting the quality. Weevilled seeds shall be those seeds which are partially or wholly bored or eaten by weevils or other insects.

  4. Split and broken seeds: Splits shall be the seeds which are broken in two parts length – wise. Broken seeds shall be those which are smaller than splits.

Grade and designation and definition of the quality of Sal Seed Kernels

i Total viable count 106 /gm (Max.)
ii E-coli 103 /gm (Max.)
iii Moulds 104 /gm (Max.)
iv Salmonella Negative

Grade Designation and definition of quality of Sundried Raw Mango Powder commercially knows as Amchur

Grade Foreign matter percent by weight (maximum) Immature and Shrivelled kernels, per cent by weight(maximum) Damaged and weevilled kernels, per cent by weight(maximum) Moisture percent weight (maximum)
1 2 3 4 5
I 0.5 2.0 1.0 7.0
II 1.0 4.0 2.0 7.0

General Characteristics

Sal kernels shall

  1. Be the kernels obtained from the dried, ripe seeds of shorea robusta Gaertn, family Dipterocarpeceae.

  2. Be reasonably dried, wholesome, free from visible moulds, weevils obnoxious smell, deleterious susbtances and all other impurities except to the extent indicated in the schedule.

  3. Have uniform shape, size and colour.

Definitions

  1. Foreign matter: shall include dust, stones, lumps of earth, leaves, outer shell of seed, any other edible or non-edible seed/kernels.

  2. Immature and Shrivelled: shall be the kernels which are not properly developed and / or shrunken.

  3. Damaged weevilled kernels: are those which are damaged mechanically or by mould/insects or those showing internal discolouration materially affecting the quality. Weevilled kernels shall be those kernels which are partially or wholly bored or eaten by weevils or other insects.

Sal Seeds shall be

  1. intact, firm clean, reasonably uniform size & shape, color characteristics to the variety

  2. free from visible foreign matter, abnormal external moisture, foreign smell

S.no. Tradable parameters Range-1 Range-2 Range-3
A Essential
i Oil content (% by Weight) Min 14.0 10.0 8.0
ii Moisture (% by Weight) Max 11.0 11.0 11.0
iii Extraneous matter(% by Weight) Max 1.5 3.0 4.0
iv Broken seeds (Damaged, shriveled, discoloured and immature seed) (% by Weight) Max 9.0 11.0 12.0
v Insect damaged seed(% by Weight) Max 3.0 5.0 6.0
B Optional (Industrial/Processors)
i Admixure Not more than 5 percent by weight

Sampling

  • 5 % or minimum one container shall be randomly selected for sampling

  • 200g shall be drawn from each selected container and shall be mixed homogenously, called as primary sample.

  • 200g shall be drawn from primary sample called as Laboratory sample.

Definitions

  • Extraneous /Foreign matter:- Includes inorganic and organic matter. The inorganic matter shall include sand, gravel, dirt, pebbles, stones, glass and metallic pieces, lumps of earth, clay and mud. Organic matter shall include husk, chaff, straw, weed seeds and other inedible grains.

  • Broken seeds: -Kernels or pieces of kernels that are sprouted or internally damaged as a result of heat, moisture, weather or microbes, discoloured, and immature seed.

  • Insect damaged seeds: shall be those seeds which are wholly or partly bored or eaten by the weevils.

Optional parameters are voluntary and may be analyzed as per buyer-seller agreement.

Total Shelf Life - 12 Months

Initial Validity of e NWR - 6 Months

Extension of e NWR Validity - 3 Months

Number of Extensions - 2*3 Months

Weight Tolerance - Loss or gain equivalent to 70% of the decrease or increase in the moisture content during storage